Uni-Firsts (after 1865)

Our hope is that Threads not only documents the early game, but also determines when new uniform styles and trends came into being. The following is a list of “Uni-Firsts” as we see it (after 1865):

CAP
—First to wear a brimmed hat, instead of a cap:
Several in 1871

—First to wear pill-box cap (no brim): 1876 Chicago

—First to wear cap with horizontal bands: 1876 Chicago

—First to wear varying cap colors to denote positions in field: 1876 Chicago

—First team photographed with a brimmed pill-box cap: 1877 Indianapolis, 1877 Star, Syracuse

—First with a visor displayed in an accent color 1883 Philadelphia

—First to wear a cap with vertical stripes 1885 St. Louis

—First to wear a pinstriped cap: 1885 Baltimore

—First team documented to wear a polka-dot cap: 1887 Lynn MA

SHIRT
—First visual of rolled sleeves and exposed arms:
1865 Empire, New York

—First to wear collarless shirt: 1869 Maple Leaf, Guelph ON

—First to wear detachable sleeves: 1870 Union, Morrisania NY

—First documented professional league team to wear short-sleeved shirts: 1871 Olympic, Washington DC

—First to tuck necktie into shirt: 1877 Chicago

—First to wear a truncated necktie: 1879 Chicago, 1879 Cleveland

—First professional team described to wear checked shirt: 1879 Cleveland

—First professional league team to wear dark blue shirt and pants: 1880 Chicago

—First professional league team to wear lavender shirt and pants: 1881 Buffalo, 1881 Chicago

—First professional team to wear a striped shirt: Many in 1882

—First to wear varying shirt colors to denote positions in field: Many in 1882

—First documented use of lace ties on a shirt: Many in 1882

—First professional league uniform to include a shirt pocket: 1882 Providence

—First professional team to wear a polka-dot shirt: 1882 Metropolitan, New York

—First professional team to wear a red shirt: 1883 Chicago

—First team photographed wearing a pinstriped shirt: 1885 Baltimore

—First team photographed wearing a colored undershirt: 1885 Brooklyn

—First team documented to tie their shirt laces in a diamond pattern: 1885 Atlanta – see white uniform

—First team photo with players wearing shirts unbuttoned at collar: 1886 Rochester

—First photo of player wearing his collar turned up: 1887 Indianapolis – see photo B

—First photo of player wearing cut-off sleeves: 1887 Philadelphia (NL) – see photo I

—First professional team visually documented (in an illustration) wearing a Yankee-style pinstriped shirt: 1887 Brooklyn

—First team to wear a black shirt and pants combination: 1888 New York

—First team with a contrasting colored shirt collar: 1888 Chicago (WA), 1888 New York, 1888 St. Louis (AA)

—First team with a contrasting colored and pinstriped shirt collar: 1888 Athletic, Philadelphia, 1888 Cincinnati

—First professional team visually documented (in a photograph) wearing Yankee-style pinstriped shirts: 1888 Detroit, 1888 Washington DC, 1888 Scranton

GRAPHICS & LETTERING
—First with team name on shirt:
 1866 Cream City, Milwaukee, 1866 Union, Morrisania NY

—First with graphic symbol on shirt: 1866 Live Oak, Cincinnati

—First with serif initial on shirt: 1867 Pastime, Baltimore

—First with city name on shirt: 1871 Boston

—First described to have a ‘Roman’ font on shirt: 1874 Hartford

—First with square-serif font on shirt: 1874 Yale University

—First with lettering on shirt cuffs: 1875 Western, Keokuk IA

—First with Tuscan-style font (Red Sox font) on shirt: 1875 Rose Hill, Fordham University

—First professional team reported to wear a symbol of the unofficial team nickname on the shirt: 1885 St. Louis (NL)

—First professional team reported to wear the unofficial team nickname on the shirt: 1888 Kansas City (AA)

PANTS
—First team described to wear “knee pants” (non-contemporary account):
 1866 Gate City, Atlanta

—First to wear knickers and exposed stockings (contemporary account): 1867 Cincinnati

—First professional league team described to wear checked pants: 1879 Cleveland

—First professional league team to wear dark blue pants: 1880 Chicago

—First to wear lavender pants: 1881 Buffalo, 1881 Chicago

—First professional team to wear red pants: 1883 Chicago

—First professional league team described to wear pinstriped pants: 1887 Rochester

—First professional league team visually documented (in an illustration) wearing Yankee-style pinstriped pants: 1887 Brooklyn

—First to wear padding at the knees: 1887 Pittsburgh – see photos D & E

—First to wear quilted padding at the knees and hips: Many in 1888

—First team to wear a black pants and shirt combination: 1888 New York

STOCKINGS
—First with checked or plaid stockings:
1869 National, Washington DC

—First with striped stockings: 1869 Pastime, Baltimore

—First to wear stockings with a criss-cross pattern: 1875 Lowell MA

—First to wear stockings with a single color band: 1876 Louisville

—First to wear varying colors to denote positions in field: 1879 Chicago

—First reported to have worn pin-striped stockings: 1883 Baltimore

—First to wear purple stockings: 1884 Quickstep, Wilmington DE

—First reported to have worn black stockings: 1886 Louisville

—First to wear vetrical stripes on stockings: 1890 Oakland

SHOES
—First reported to have worn tassels on shoes:
1874 Chicago

—First mention of low-cut shoes: 1876 Louisville

—One of the first teams photographed wearing low-cut shoes: 1889 Boston

ALTERNATES
—First mention of a practice uniform:
1872 Lord Baltimore, Baltimore

—First with unique uniform for pitcher and catcher: 1878 Buffalo

—First to have a second uniform designated for bad-weather games: 1882 St. Louis

—First to have a designated road uniform: 1884 St. Louis UA

EQUIPMENT
—First team photo to show a catcher’s mask:
1878 Buffalo

—First photo of a player wearing an open-fingered glove: 1879 Chicago — see Anson in team photo

—First photo of player wearing a close-fingered fielder’s glove: 1887 Philadelphia (NL) — see Clements

—First photo of player with a padded catcher’s mitt: 1889 Pittsburgh — see team photo, 1889 St. Louis — see team photo

—First photos of players wearing oversized fielding gloves: 1889 Washington — see Ebright and Banning